## Soldering

At long last, we are learning about soldering. Solddering= Basically hot glue with molten metal instead. You can use tis technique to glue different parts of circuits together while still being conductive. When constructing a circuit, using hot glue will stop the flow of electrons through the circuit. When you do this, the circuit is no longer closed, so it will not work. On Monday, we will actually start using this incredible machine. I have this great idea for a switch that I can’t wait to make a reality.

## Circuits

Today was circuit day! We started learning about batteries, multimeters and the flow of electrons. First of all, batteries contain two cores. The inner core and the outer core. the inner core contains zinc with added electrons, while the outer core contains positively charged copper, or copper with removed electrons. When you connect the two ends with a conductive material, the electrons from the zinc start flowing to the copper, creating electricity. You should never connect the top end and the bottom end, for the electrons flow out of control. This can potentially spark and ignite. We learned all of this today! Tomorrow, we will finally be creating these circuits!

## Atoms

Atoms are completely consist of three particles. Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons. Particles of the same charge repel each other. When they are of opposite charges, they stick to each other. Protons are positively charged, and electrons are negatively charged. Neutrons are neutral. If your insert a neutron between two particles of the same charge, they do not repel each other. That was our lesson today in tech, and it was interesting. Tomorrow we are learning more about attractions and electrons. Looking forward to it.

## Technology Breakout EDU

Tech, and also more important, Middle School! We have just transitioned to the 4th quarter of my first year at middle school. In tech yeasterday, we tried to solve the puzzle that our teacher presented before us. It involved unlocking one of two boxes with multiple locks on them. Inside was the solution.

We were split into two groups, and we surprisingly solved the puzzle. Within groups, I noticed most of the time that everyone gets into a heated debate about who gets to do what. But, in this scenario, it worked out fine. It would have been less efficient to work in any smaller groups. We could spread out and surch an area very quickly. That5 is basically what I learned yesterday, and I hope we do more!

## Capstone Presentation and Reflection

When I woke up on Tuesday, you can’t really say that I was nervous. I was around nervous x 15 x 10 to the 38th power. I was like this because way in the morning before the capstone presentation, there was this ceremony called the moving up ceremony. This was when we sang in front of all the parents and showed that we were “moving up to middle school”. I was playing piano as the precessional and I was playing a really hard piece that I only learned two days ago and it was a bit shaky. This combined with the factor that I was presenting an unprepared presentation. Then I figured out that “Oh wow, I am presenting first as well.” Let’s just say that It was not a great scenario. I was thinking that all this work and progress is going to be broken down into some twitching words and uncoordinated slides. Capstone has been really fun. experience for me and I hope we get to do something like this again in middle school. I learned a very crucial thing in this project: You should never slack off if you think a project is long term, for it is not. You had to every da to make the project your best, but I skipped most days, and I payed at the end for working the hardest I ever worked at the end. I vow that I shall never repeat this behavior in a project ever again.

Half of my nervousness retreated when I played the peice well with only one mistake. I recieved a wooping crowd and I was enormously relieved. There was still a huge wall ahead of me on the road to relaxation. This was my Capstone Presentation. I had not memorized my script, but my dad said it was okay as long as you don’t stare at your note cards the whole time. I strategy I used while presenting my presentation was that l Iooked at the back wall instead of the people. Unfortunatly, my presentation was 11 min long. It was wierd since it felt like it was done in 2 seconds. Even stranger, my teacher told me that I did agreat job. Turns out, I did do a great job since many people including my parents siad the same thing. My parents are honest, so when they said I did good, I believe them. Hope we get to do something like this in middle school, but for now, summer here we come.

## Answering Main Inquiry Question Part 2

I finally know the second part of my main question! Pathogen!! Types of pathogen include bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. These things can trigger your immune system immediately. Here is an explanation of all the pathogens:

Bacteria attack and digest tissue for themselves so they can have something to eat. Bacteria are scavengers, so they want to take as much as they can before the immune response destroys them. Bacterial diseases include strep throat, tetanus, Lyme disease and meningitis. Cavities are also just sugar-loving bacteria that eat away at your teeth. Viruses are a bit different. They invade cells and occupy them, so the virus gets all the nutrients they need to survive. They use the cell to multiply so when the cell dies each virus goes for another cell, multiplying even more. If a virus finds itself outside a warm cushy body, like on a door handle, it dies almost instantly because it doesn’t have any organisms to invade. Viral diseases include the chicken pox, Ebola, and HIV. Over 200 viruses are responsible for what we call the “common cold”. Parasites are also scavengers but are usually a little larger than bacteria. They feed on the tissue of the host organism and lay their eggs inside the bloodstream to reproduce. Protozoa are also Parasites, except they don’t lay eggs. Drinking dirty water is a common way to get a parasite infection. Common parasite infections include Giardia, tapeworm, hookworm and roundworm infections.

## Answering Main Inquiry Question Part 1

I have a huge lead in my research today. I already knew what the answer was to one part of my question from the start, but the other part I am still finalizing. My main question is: What are the threats to the human body and how does it protect itself? How does it protect itself is the immune system, that is obvious, but the other part I am still questioning. For my presentation, I am planning on making a brief explanation of organs and cells and whatnot, but I am not going to do this for the whole presentation. In the meat and through the end of the script, I am going to be diving incredibly deep into the immune system and explain how most funcions work and why. I think it is annoying that we have to be presenting for 1st graders becuase my topic is incredibly complicated and I don’t want to stop and have to define normal person terms in little kid language like “cells are the legos of your body”. I hate doing that becuase it interrupts the proffesionism of the presentation. Other peope are doing “dogs” and they can just roll their presentation beggining through end with no stops to define, meanwhile I have to explain phagocytosis to first graders. I wish they would sort the presentations from least complicated to most copllicated, so they can save the most complicated for adults, and save the least complicated for the kids. So talking researchwise, It is going well. I learned that not only phagocytes can kill pathogens, but normal cells can release enzymes called cytokins that can break down the pathogen, so they can eliminate them too. I am hoping to learn the second part of my question tommorow, so I can start writing my script.

## Capstone Site Visit

Here are some pictures:

## Graphic Novel Reflection

Two days ago, we finished our Graphic Novel reading unit with Mr. Deberry. I published my own official graphic novel called Into the Mist. It is about a monster that lives in the woods. mine was by far the scariest thing in the class. I thought back to the project and I realized that writing a graphic novel is so much harder than I expected. Since my graphic novel was so realistic,  mine took around 2x longer than everyone else’s. Maybe not as long as Alex though, since he looked like a tv show. When I drew, I thought it was a little annoying because if you drew the main character amazing in one panel and you messed up and drew the main character bad in the second panel then it is going to look really horrible unless you draw the main character perfectly in every single panel, which is going to take a long time for me. If you only give someone a week to draw a graphic novel I think they’re going to get a little stressed out. I wanted my novel to be scary because everyone else was doing those happy topics. I wanted to pack a punch into mine so it would be a bit interesting. I don’t want the teacher to pretend it was good. After that, it would be stuffed into my overflowing art projects shelf at home and then I would find a few years later and say, “oh. . ., it was the graphic novel I wrote a few years ago. Yeah, it really was terrible”.

I dont want that to happen. I really worked and tried my best at drawing this project. I want it to be remembered. Right now, I am taking pictures of each page and putting them in a slideshow. I hope this works out well, because I spent a lot of my time into this.

Here is my Graphic Novel:

## Casptone Interview

Yesterday, My mom and I interviewed Monassa, Rehma’s Mom, who is a rheumatologist. She treats patients with an autoimmune problem. An autoimmune disease is when white blood cells and neutrophils start attacking the body’s own tissue. Rheumatoid Arthritis is an example of this. Cells release certain enzymes that break down the cartilage and ligaments in between the bones, causing movement at the joints painful. Another autoimmune disease is Lupus. This is the same except the cells target vital organs and healthy tissue. This can cause damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, and liver.

We started off with a few scientifical questions. Since we couldn’t find an immunologist, she was the other option. We had to skip some questions since they had to do with immunology so she couldn’t answer them. The interview went on for 27 min. Rehma and I had to wait for an hour for our parents to stop talking. My mom and I went home in the rain with a lot of information.