Bones Found on Pacific Island Likely Belong to Aviator Amelia Earhart

Bones Found on Pacific Island Likely Belong to Aviator Amelia Earhart

Aviator Amelia Earhart is pictured in front of her biplane called Friendship in Newfoundland, Canada, on June 14, 1928. Earhart disappeared without a trace over the Pacific Ocean in her attempt to fly around the world in 1937. Photo by: Getty Images

Source: Newsela

Article Date: March 13, 2018

News Type: World

 

Amelia Earhart was a heroine. She was the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean alone. She might have been the first PERSON to fly around the whole entire world, if only her plane hadn’t vanished over the Pacific Ocean in 1937. After decades of mystery about Amelia Earhart’s disappearance, her story might come to a close, at the Pacific islands of Nikumaroro.

 

A recent scientific study claims that that bones found in 1940 on the Pacific island of Nikumaroro belong to Amelia Earhart. The new discovery disputes a forensic study of the remains conducted in 1941 that claims that the bones belong to a man. The bones which were later thrown away, have been revisited in the new study: “ Amelia Earhart and the Nikumaroro Bones.” University of Tennessee professor Richard Jantz led the study.

 

The bones were first uncovered by a British expedition exploring the island for settlement when they came upon a human skull. The expedition’s officer ordered a more thorough search of the island. The British team had found several other bones and part of what appeared to be a woman’s shoe. Another interesting object they found was a box meant to hold a Brandis Navy Surveying Sextant, a tool for navigation. It had been manufactured around 1918. “There was suspicion at the time that the bones could be the remains of Amelia Earhart,” Jantz wrote in the study.

 

The 13 bones found were shipped to Fiji and studied by Dr. D.W Hoodless of the Central Medical School. Jantz argues that the forensic study of these bones was still in its early stages, which affected the assessment of the gender of the remains.  Jantz, in attempting to compare the lost bones with Earhart’s bones, has co-developed a computer program. It estimates gender and ancestry using skeletal measurements. The program is used by scientists all over the globe. Jantz compared the lengths of the bones to Earhart’s measurements. He used her height, weight, body build, and limb lengths, based on photographs and information found on her pilot’s and driver’s licenses. His findings revealed that Earhart’s bones were “more similar to the Nikumaroro bones” than 99 percent of people in a large sample.”In the case of the Nikumaroro bones, the only documented person to whom they may belong is Amelia Earhart,” Jantz wrote in the study.

 

Earhart’s disappearance has interested the public for a while, and theories involving her landing on Nikumaroro have turned up in the recent years. Retired journalist Mike Campbell, who wrote “Amelia Earhart: The Truth at Last,” has argued with others that Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, were captured in the Marshall Islands by the Japanese, who thought they were American spies. He believes they were tortured and died there. Ric Gillespie, director of The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery, (TIGHAR), spoke to the Washington Post in 2016. He believes the bones found on Nikumaroro belong to Earhart.

In 1998, TIGHAR took Dr.Hoodless’ measurements of the Nikumaroro bones and analyzed them through a database. They determined the bones belonged to a taller than average woman of European origin. It could be Earhart, who at 5 ft 7 in to 5 ft 8 in, was several inches taller than the average woman.

In 2016, the group brought the measurements to Jeff Glickman, a scientific examiner. He located a photo of Earhart that showed her with her arms exposed. It appeared, based on educated guesses, that Earhart’s upper arm bone matched with one of the Nikumaroro bones. Glickman, who is now a member of TIGHAR, told the Washington Post that at the time he understands some might question his findings, as they were based on 76-year-old medical notes. However, he said, the research made clear,that Earhart had died on Nikumaroro. Gillespie and Glickman could not be immediately reached by The Post for comment on Jantz’s findings.

In 2017, the History Channel presents a photo suggesting Earhart died in Japan. Based on a photograph from the National Archives, researchers said Earhart might have been captured by the Japanese. The photo seemed to show Earhart and Noonan in Jaluit Harbor in the Marshall Islands after their disappearance. In the photo, according to the Washington Post’s reporter Amy B Wang, “a figure with Earhart’s haircut and approximate body type sits on the dock, facing away.” Noonan was also believed to be in the photo. “On the far right of the photo is a barge with an airplane on it, supposedly Earhart’s.” Later, after the History Channel program aired, a Japanese military history blogger matched the photo to one first published in 1935. It was two years before Earhart and Noonan disappeared. “HISTORY has a team of investigators exploring the latest developments about Amelia Earhart,” the  History Channel said. Gillespie said in 2017 that he stood by his theory despite the photograph. He still thinks the evidence points to Nikumaroro.

For decades Earhart’s fate has remained a mystery. Some people have believed that Earhart died a castaway on the island after her plane crashed. But now with the new study: “ Amelia Earhart and the Nikumaroro Bones” growing more and more intense, these bones might change how the next generation thinks about the history of Amelia Earhart.

 

Personal Response: I chose this article because I love to learn about history and science, and this article was sort of a mix of both. I was especially interested on this history and science article because I‘ve heard many people talk about the fate of Amelia Earhart, and to think that we humans have developed new and advanced technology to solve these types of mysteries is, “one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” as Neil Armstrong quoted.

 

Tweet: Aviator Amelia Earhart’s bones found on a Pacific Island, with the help of the new study “ Amelia Earhart and the Nikumaroro Bones”!

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Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide To Royalty

“Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide To Royalty”

By, Chris Colfer

 

In the book “Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide To Royalty” by Chris Colfer, Queen Red gives her fellow hoodians, admirers, royal subjects, and royal rejects tips for being a fab royal queen. “Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide To Royalty” was inspired by the marvelous guide to monarchy, “The Prince”, by Niccolo Machiavelli. While reading “The Prince”, Queen Red realizes three things. 1. She’s been doing everything correct since her coronation. 2. She feels “The Prince”, is a bit outdated. Although it was probably useful at one point, the info is probably not helpful to politics today. 3. Since she is the beacon of leadership, she felt that it is her duty to give the seminal classic a makeover! Throughout “Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide to Royalty”, Queen Red describes, the life before she became the wonderful queen her citizens see today, The Royal A.P.P ( appearance, performance, and perception), how to take compliments the safe way, appointing royal subjects, treating peasants like pets, making a scandal work for you, avoiding hatred and villainy, never revealing weaknesses, and last but not least, hosting royal subjects.

 

Queen Red is a super pretty queen with a lot of self-esteem. Although Queen Red is morale, she has a place in her heart for everybody, whether good or bad. An example is when she meets “Froggy”. “Froggy” is actually the long lost prince, Prince Charlie. He was cursed to look like an ugly frog by the evil witch Morina. Before Red finds out that “Froggy” has royal in him, she has mixed feelings for him. But even if she didn’t know “Froggy” had royal in him she would still love him. I know this because when Queen Red invited her royal subjects to dinner, one of her royal subjects, the Little Old Woman from the Shoe Inn suddenly blurted out, “ Have you heard the chatter about Queen Red?” The Little Old Woman from the Shoe Inn had gone senile recently ( you can’t blame her, she lives in a boot with her 150 grandchildren ) and forgot that Queen Red was in her presence. Queen Red didn’t mind ( that’s one of the reasons she keeps the Little Old Woman from the Shoe Inn around so she can get an unbiased social insight ) “Please share,” Queen Red said, so the Little Old Woman from the Shoe Inn went on. “ The rumor in our sewing group is that Queen Red is shaking up with a large amphibian!” she said with enthusiastic eyes. “ It’s a cross-species catastrophe!” Now obviously she was talking about Queen Red and “Froggy”, but even though Queen Red was a bit pained, she still loved “Froggy”.

 

I think in “Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide to Royalty”, the main idea is making the right decisions in royalty or not, is super important. In “Queen Red Riding Hood’s Guide to Royalty”, it teaches you the tips to making the right decisions in royalty. Another theme is that no matter how pretty you are on the outside, it only matters about who you are on the inside. 

 

Friends

Do you and your friends have many things in common? Or are you both super different but are still friends? Well Emma and I have many things in common. We both like the same foods, we both go to the same tennis academy (and love tennis!), and we feel the same way about a lot of things.

 

The first reason Emma and I have many things in common is, we both like the same foods. One food in particular we both like is slushies. One example is when Emma and I made our very own slushie.  “I’ll get the ice and salt,” I told Emma, “And I’ll get the juice,” Emma said back. First we put the ice in a ziploc bag. Next we sprinkled salt on top. Then we added juice (in our case mango nectar). Finally we mixed and massaged the ingredients together until it looked and felt like a slushie. “ Yum!” we both said when we took a bite. It took a bit for the ice, salt, and juice to combine, but in the end it was worth it. The slushie we made was much healthier, and I thought it tasted much better than the one you get at the movies.

 

The second reason Emma and I have many things in common is we both go to the same tennis academy (and love tennis!). The tennis academy is called Tennis Innovators Academy. But Emma is in yellow ball and I’m in green ball, which is sad because then we can’t be in the same group. Another thing about the tennis academy that we both have in common is we both don’t like going there. But we will both still love tennis no matter what!

 

The last reason Emma and I have many things in common is we feel the same way about a lot of things. One example is when we were at Mei’s going away party. I arrived third. When I rang the doorbell,  I heard stomping footsteps and screaming. First I was a little bit scared, because I was not sure what was happening. When Nathalie opened the door I came in and started to have fun. It was not until Emma arrived that I realized why everyone was screaming. When Emma rang the doorbell everyone screamed, “ Yay!” or “ Get the door quickly it’s Emma!” While we were stampeding to the front door, all the grown-ups were laughing like crazy in the corner. For every person since Emma arrived I just stayed at the table with Emma wondering why everyone had to scream and stomp like that.

 

Emma and I have many things in common. We both like the same foods, we both go to the same tennis academy (and love tennis!), and we both feel the same way about a lot of things. Emma and I will always be great friends.

 

My Aunt

My aunt and me are like PB&J. She’s the peanut butter and I’m the jelly. When we’re together we’re like matching puzzle pieces. My aunt is a very meaningful person in my life because not everyone is nice like her, she brightens dark situations, and she is super generous .  

 

The first reason my aunt is a very meaningful person in my life is, not everyone is nice like her. An example was when I was at the Palisades Mall with my aunt on a shopping spree. “Don’t forget to tell me when you want to eat,” my aunt reminded me. “ Okay,” I responded. I was not even close to hungry. I was having so much fun, and when I’m having this much fun I feel like I could live forever without food.  After a hour of zooming in and out of shops, I lost some stamina, and decided I couldn’t live forever without food. After lunch and ice cream. We had a whole load of bags. On the way back to my house I knew that not everyone is nice like her.

 

The second reason my aunt is a very meaningful person in my life is she brightens dark situations. For example one day I was playing a math board game called PrimeClimb with my aunt and my 6 year old brother, Tre. Tre was kicking and screaming because I had bumped him down, obviously because I am better at math than him. “ Tre, calm down,” my aunt said gently. Then she showed him how he could bump her back to the beginning. She’s like the sun during dark situations.

 

The last reason my aunt is a very meaningful person in my life is, she is super generous. An example is, she’s super generous to buy Marshall, Tre and me so many clothes. She’s super generous to buy fancy bread and pastries from the city for my family. She’s super generous to never come empty handed. Another example of my aunt being generous is when it was my first year selling Girl Scout cookies. She emailed her co-workers asking them if they wanted to buy any. I had never sold Girl Scout cookies before, but with my aunt’s help I sold 99 boxes.

 

My aunt is a very meaningful person in my life because not everyone is nice like her, she brightens dark situations, and she is super generous. I know that she will always be a special and meaningful person to me.

Michigan Locks Down Purdue and wins 2nd Straight Big Ten Tournament Title

Michigan Locks Down Purdue and Wins 2nd Straight Big Ten Tournament Title

Source: New York Times

Article Date: March 4, 2018

News Type: State

Isaac Haas of Purdue and Moritz Wagner of Michigan tangled over a loose ball. Wagner played just 17 minutes in Michigan’s win on Sunday but was named the tournament’s most outstanding player. Credit: Julie Jacobson/Associated Press

 

In the article Michigan Locks Down Purdue and Wins 2nd Straight Big Ten Tournament Title, fifth – seeded Michigan became the first team to repeat as tournament champions since their rival Ohio State did in 2010 and 2011.

 

Zavier Simpson led on both ends of the court, running Michigan’s skilled offense and anchoring the team’s lockdown defense. Backup Jon Teske or Big Bad Jon as his teammates call him, scored 14 points as No.15 Wolverines beat No.8 Boilermakers 75 – 66 as the final score on Sunday to win their second straight Big Ten tournament title.

 

Moritz Wagner bought Michigan  17 points despite he just played 17 minutes because of foul trouble – an issue that bothered him throughout the tournament. Wagner still arose with the tournament’s most outstanding player award. Simpson closed with 10 points, 5 assists, and 5 rebounds. Fortunately for Michigan, Teske boosted the team. As a 7’1 sophomore, Teske scored 12 points in the 1st half and swung into action by guarding Purdue’s 7’2 Isaac Haas. Teske and Simpson put an exclamation point on Michigan’s 4 day party at Madison Square Garden with 6 minutes and 2 seconds remaining. Simpson drove and dished to Teske cutting to the basket. They finished over Haas and let out a roar while chest bumping teammates.

 

Michigan, dominating their 4th game in 4 days, showed no signs of wear shooting 50% and committing 5 turnovers. “I was so happy when he popped off after that dunk,” Wagner said. “I got so excited. He got emotional. Yeah, I know how good he is. That was long overdue.” The dunk spread the Wolverine’s lead up to 66 – 48 and brought chants of “ Tes – key!” from Michigan fans, who showed up in crowds for the first Big Ten tournament played in New York. “ That was a blast, especially being here in New York City with all those Michigan fans who traveled from great distances, or whoever lived here,” Teske said.

 

Haas led Purdue with 23 points, but Purdue’s two elite players, Carsen Edwards and Vincent Edwards, combined for only 16 points on 6 of 22 shooting. “He had a couple of drives that didn’t go down for him, and he had a couple of 3s where he could never get back – to – back pullups or back – to – back pull – up 3s to get into that rhythm,” Purdue coach Matt Painter said. The Michigan team has been Coach John Beilein’s best defensively since he became coach in 2007. “ He’s a pit bull,” Beilein said of Simpson. “ We have a picture of a big, mean pit bull in our locker room for every game. And he’s that guy. He’s the one who loves to play defense.”

 

On constant possessions early in the 2nd half, the Wolverines forced turnovers by Purdue and turned them into transition 3 – pointers; one by Muhammad – Ali Abdur – Rahkman and the other by Simpson. That put the Wolverines up 11 with 15:06 left, and caused the Boilermakers’ coach to call a timeout and drew calls of “ Go Blue!” from Michigan fans.

 

Personal Response: I chose this article because I was 1 of those super lucky 20,000 people who got to go and see the game happen live at Madison Square Garden! I was cheering for Michigan so I was super happy that Michigan won.

Tweet: Michigan beats Purdue 75-66, to win their 2nd straight Big Ten tournament title at MSG. Go Blue! @nytimes #foxmeadowpride JR

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Nonfiction Reading Unit

In this nonfiction reading session with 4B and Mr. DeBerry, I studied volcanoes, tsunamis, and earthquakes with my team. In my team there was, Emma (4A), Victoria (4A), Katie ( 4A), Peter (4A), Liya ( 4B), Taryn ( 4B), Jack (4B), Matthew (4B), and me (4A).

 

Sometimes, we had conflicts about subtopics and slides, but by the time it was time to present, we had our subtopics, slides, and everything that we included in our work complete and under control. In our slides we included images, some videos, text, and graphs or diagrams.

My favorite part about the nonfiction reading unit was the presenting our weather topic. When I studied volcanoes, my subtopic was measuring volcanoes. I studied about measuring volcanoes with my partner, Victoria. When I switched to tsunamis and earthquakes, my subtopic was speed & destruction by myself.

In one lesson we learned about summarizing. We learned to first write the main idea and supporting details. Then we could write a summary about the topic by combining those three parts. In another lesson I learned about text structure and taking notes. Some types of text structure is chronological, problem/solution, cause and effect, compare/contrast.

 

I also learned about spark questions. Spark questions are questions that can lead to more and more questions.

 

We also posted a reading response on flipgrid. Flipgrid is a website where you post videos of you responding to a question or lesson. You can also comment in a video. After you respond to the lesson you can put stickers or draw to make your profile picture.

 

I think I learned a lot during this reading unit.

 

Temperate Climate Ecosystem

Temperate Climate Ecosystem

 

An ecosystem is when living and nonliving things interact with each other. Ecosystems are like chain reaction and food webs. If one animal was taken out from the food web the animal’s predator won’t have any food and the whole chain would fall apart.

 

Temperate climates don’t have extreme temperature and precipitation. There are two types of temperate climates: maritime and continental. The maritime climate is mostly oceans, which contain fairly steady temperatures across the seasons. In temperate zones, prevailing winds point winds point west so, the western edge of continents commonly encounter maritime climate. These regions are: Western Europe ( mostly UK ) and North America at latitudes at 40 and 60 north.

The continental climate is inland, with warm summers and cold winters as the effect on land of heat receipt increases. This is mostly true in North America where the north-south aligned Rocky Mountains act as a climate barrier to the mild maritime air blowing from the west. However, maritime climate penetrates further into Europe where the major mountain range – the Alps – is orientated east-west.

 

The Important thing about Mae Jemison

 

The important thing about Mae Jemison is, she was the first African American women to travel into space. She boarded the space shuttle Endeavour with six other astronauts and was thrust into space at 17,500 mph. Her mission was called STS-47. During STS-47, she  spent eight days in space and traveled 3.3 million miles. Mae also took part in a special project supported by NASA, its goal is to create the first starship in 100 years! But the important thing about Mae Jemison is, she was the first African American women to travel into space.

Bibliography:

 

Harris, Laurie Lanzen. “Jemison, Mae.” Biography for Beginners Online. Lincoln Library Press, 2015. FactCite, www.factcite.com/biobegin/10162.html. Accessed 16 Nov. 2017

 

Wheeler Jill C. Mae Jemison Awesome Astronaut. 2013.

 

Kozloski, Lillian D. “Jemison, Mae Carol.” World Book Student, World Book, 2017, www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar287210. Accessed 16 Nov. 2017.

I’m Back

Hi, my name is Jalyn. I am so excited for another year of blogging! I am in fourth grade now, and I have many new things to blog about. I have a brother whose six and a brother whose six months old. My baby brother is so small and I love to hold and cuddle with him. Some other things I like to do are

 

  • Flute
  • Tennis
  • Swimming
  • Piano

 

One of the instruments I play is the flute. I just started this year! When I had my first lesson I felt so dizzy and made me feel very sleepy. But after a few more weeks of practicing I was more determined and I sensed that I would learn quicker.

 

Tennis is another one of my favorite things to do. I started tennis when I was seven. I have never played in a tennis tournament before but I hope I will soon. I have tennis lessons on Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday. On the weekends I usually practice tennis with my dad. On some occasions my six year old brother also comes. When my brother comes my we usually play a game my dad invented. The game works like this. First, my brother puts a bucket on the other side of the net. Then, my brother and I take turns trying to hit the bucket with the tennis ball. Every time I hit the bucket I get one point. But every time my brother hits the bucket he gets three points. As a team our goal is to get to twelve points. When we get back home if we have got twelve points we get a treat. One time we got twenty- four points so we got two treats, but then we got some serves in a row so we got bonus points. Tennis is very fun sport for me to play with my friends.

 

Piano is another instrument I am taking lessons on. So far I have performed in two piano recitals. I have been playing piano for about two years. One time during my first piano recital I was waiting forever until it was my turn and I kept getting more worried and scared. Finally, it was my turn and I played my piece without any mistakes! Now I love piano recitals and I don’t feel nervous anymore.

Source: Roland

On Sunday mornings I go to swimming lessons. When I first started I thought being underwater was scary! But I took lessons throughout the summer and now I take lessons on weekends. After all those lessons I have moved up many levels and know how to swim laps, do flips underwater, and I am considered a seal in badges, and now I feel very comfortable and more experienced in the water.

If you want me to write about anything in specific please comment in the comment section! I hope to write about many inspirational topics. See you on my next blog post!

Jalyn