Category Archives: capstone

capstone blog post #6

Overall, making my slideshow was pretty simple, I just had to search for pictures that match what my script says. The only tricky part was making sore all the pictures were clean, consistent and made sense for what I was saying. My script was also pretty easy, it was easy because I had made a blog post that included all of my research in an order that made sense for me to say. If you want to read it, it is called capstone blog post #5

Blow here is my final script


(Slide 1) Hi, my name is Logan. For my capstone project, I decided to do it on baking. My main inquiry question is how has baking evolved over time?


(slide 2) I am going to be talking about the science behind baking. You may notice that most recipes say to heat the oven to 350 degrees fahrenheit. The temperature of the oven is really important to get the color, taste and moisture just right. When the temperature rises, a chemical reaction called Maillar happens when proteins and sugars are combined. Proteins are what makes cookies brown. if you bake  cookies at a temperature that is to cool the cookie will dry out. If you bake cookies at a temperature that is too hot they will burn. When cookie dough reaches 92 degrees fahrenheit, the butter melts which makes the cookie flat. At 136 degrees fahrenheit, germs will die off. At 144 degrees fahrenheit changes start happening to the protein which comes from the eggs.


(Slide 3) You might not notice how easy baking materials are to use… Baking materials have changed a lot over time. Once the thermometer was made in 1714, it changed baking completely. Now bakers know the exact temperature of the food or oven.

In 1856, the first hand mixer was invented.

In 1908, the first electric mixer was invented. This made it easier for bakers to combine ingredients.  

Things got even easier when the stand mixer was invented in 1919.  kitchenaid Artisan stand mixer is the top selling mixer in the world. It is 4 and ½ quarts. Everyone loves it because it has very high performance. Over time the kitchenaid stand mixer design has gotten smaller so they would be good for home use. They used to be sold door to door. weighing 65 pounds! Kitchenaid stand mixers last for a long time without breaking. The original kitchenaid stander color was white now they come in so many different colors. There are so many different attachments that you can buy. You can even make ice cream and baby food.

When the convection oven first came out in 1956 it changed baking a lot. It did this by baking the food more evenly with the use of a heating element and a fan.


(slide 4) over time recipes have changed. Girl scouts recipes have changed along with the cookie flavors in the past 96 years. The first cookie was a simple sugar cookie. If you used a recipe from a long long time ago, you may see that the recipes call for 30 or more eggs. The reason for this is because the eggs a long time ago were much smaller than they are now. you can fix this be using a ½ or even a ⅓ of what the recipe calls for. Ingredients have also changed because ingredients have been imported from other countries. Some examples are vanilla bean, cocoa bean, which makes chocolate, and maize. Maize is used to make flour. Think about how much we use vanilla, flour and cocoa in our baking.


(slide 5) You may think to yourself, how do bakers adjust recipes to accommodate food allergies. The food allergen labels and Consumer Protection Act of 2009 requires companies to list the top 8 food allergens, which are: milk, eggs, peanuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish and tree nuts. Some common food substitutes for wheat are: barley flour, cornstarch to thicken recipes or rice flour. Substitutes for milk are rice milk, soy milk, almond milk, coconut milk, cashew milk and canola oil in place of butter. Substitutes for eggs are: potato starch and tapioca.


(Slide 6) How have Baking shows affected baking sales. Couples are trading in elaborate wedding cakes for cupcakes at their weddings. Cupcake sales increased following consumer trend Additionally, supermarkets are expanding their bakeries to sell more cupcakes.


(slide 7) For more information go to my blog.


(slide 8) thank you watching!





capstone blog post #2

After finishing the first step of capstone, choosing a topic, I decided to research baking.  I had to choose a main inquiry question. A main inquiry question is narrowing down your topic and choosing a focus.  I decided on “How has baking evolved over time?”

Some other main inquiry ideas that I considered were “Baking vs Cooking”  “Cakes vs cupcakes”.

I chose “How has baking evolved over time?” because that is what I am most interested in learning about.  Learning about the basics will help me to be a better baker. Baking is a hobby of mine. I love baking and decorating.

I wanted to choose cupcakes but I had to broaden the topic.  I chose the evolution of baking to help me have a better understanding of baking.

A sub question is a question that supports your inquiry question.  My sub questions are: What is baking? How are baking recipes different today than they used to be? Do bakers use the same flavors as they used to?  How do bakers adjust recipes to accommodate food allergies? How has the popularity of baking shows on television affected cupcake sales? How has the baking materials change over time?

capstone Blog post #1

Have you ever done a capstone project? Well, capstone is a big research project that you pick a topic you are interested in and you do research. In my school, all 5th graders do this project.

 To start you have to pick a topic. I have always been interested in baking and art. I am pretty good at both of those things. Those were my two main topic choices that I automatically thought of. I was more leaning towards baking. So, that is what I choose.   

Now comes the hard part, the work part. I had to get to work. So I would not fall behind I had to brainstorm questions  that I would ask myself so I know what I am looking for in my research.

That is how I started my capstone I still have a long ways to go and that is just the beginning