Capstone #5: Answering my main inquiry question

For capstone I have to answer my main inquiry question. My main inquiry question is “How is robotic surgery revolutionizing the field of medicine?” We also have to answer it in an essay format. At first I thought that it would be super hard and I was really stressed and worried. After a while, when I actually started my essay, I realized that it wasn’t as bad as I thought. My sub questions actually helped me lot. My introduction is decent but I had a pretty hard time coming up with a good hook. My body paragraphs are okay, and , my conclusion, well… I have to work on it a bit more. My essay is going pretty good and I will use all of the answers for my TED Talk. I hope I do well during the TED Talk. 

Here is my essay


Have you ever thought of robots giving surgery? Well, when I realized that it is a real thing, I was super interested. Robotic surgery is my capstone topic. I chose it because I’m interested in robotics and medicine so the topic I chose is just right. Robotic surgery is surgery, using robotic systems. Robotic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery. That means that instead of making large incisions, the surgeons actually use miniaturized surgical instruments that fit through a series of quarter-inch incisions. Right now, the da Vinci surgical system is the system that most hospitals use. My main inquiry question is “How is robotic surgery revolutionizing the field of medicine?

One way robotic surgery is changing medicine is that instead of the surgeons standing right next to the patient, they are sitting at a console away from the patient. About one to two decades ago, doctors wanted to invent something where a doctor can sit somewhere in the US, for example. And the patient would be in Europe, for example and the doctor would be able to give surgery to the patient even when they’re in totally different places. So if there is a war and a soldier gets hurt, then he could get surgery and the doctor wouldn’t get hurt in the hospital if it’s under attack. In 2000, the American company Intuitive Surgical made the Da Vinci surgical system. Maybe soon, some company might invent something like the doctors wanted to decades ago.

The second way robotic surgery is changing medicine is that it has many improvements from the past. Some improvements from the past are that there is shorter hospitalization, reduced pain, and discomfort, faster recovery time and return to normal activities like soccer. There are smaller incisions, resulting in reduced risk of infection, reduced blood loss, and minimal scarring. Robotic surgery has developed throughout the years. Miniaturized instruments are mounted on three separate robotic arms, allowing the surgeon maximum range of motion and precision. The da Vinci’s fourth arm contains a magnified high-definition 3-D camera that guides the surgeon during the procedure. The camera is really detailed, so the surgeon can see everything inside the patient’s body.

The third way robotic surgery is changing medicine is that it’s better than human surgery. Surgical robotics is one of the new technological advancements that are revolutionizing healthcare. For instance, laparoscopic surgery is turning major surgeries that usually leave scars and keep patients in the hospital for several days into fairly minor procedures. A recent study by surgeons at Children’s National Medical Center in Washington showed that a supervised autonomous robot could perform soft-tissue surgery better than a human surgeon. This is a big leap on how technology is changing healthcare in the 21st century.

I hope now you know how robotic surgery is revolutionizing the field of medicine.


One thought on “Capstone #5: Answering my main inquiry question

  1. Thank you for teaching me so much about robotic surgery, Rick! You made a complicated topic easy to understand!

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