We have done so many projects over the first quarter such as: our solder pieces, atoms, self driving cars, breakout and waterproof flashlights. My favorite project is the flashlight because we got to have fun and we got to use all of the cool materials such as: the hot glue gun, the solder machine and the saws.

Making flashlights

In class we are making flashlights the flashlights are powered by a battery 3 wires and a LED we solder the wires and pieces together so that they all work together and make the LED light, light up this was a very fun project. My favorite part was decorating the flashlight. I think the part that I struggled with the most is making the sketches. I want to thank mr. Calvert and my friends for helping me.


Right now you are probably thinking: what??? A breadboard? Like the one you use to cut bread on? Well I am not talking that breadboard I am talking about electronic breadboards. A Electrical breadboard is a board with a negative and a positive side, if you connect wires from a battery pack to the breadboard a IED light will go off. We are using breadboards to power our switches, if you read my other posts you will discover what a switch is.


In class we are making switches. A switch is something that makes something light up in our case a LED lights. We have to try to make a switch where tinfoil touches tinfoil for my switch I used the materials:

1. rubber bands

2. hot glue

3. tinfoil

4. cardboard

5. glitter/rhinestones

I think that this was defiantly my favorite project.




Solder pieces

In class we are making solder pieces. The first step  to make a design my design was on the ice cream cone then the second step is to make the circle and the third step is to put all the wires together on the circle and the fourth step is to solder solder is an 800% hot machine that glues wire and solder together.  I loved this project.

Periodic Table

We learned about the periodic table today. You are probably thinking what the heck is the periodic table, well the periodic table is a table that helps scientists explore the different types of solids, gases and liquids such as: oxygen, titanium and many others. There are many different things you can do with the periodic table. The things that the periodic table helps the most are solving problems that involve space, people and technology.


An Atom is a small molecule like a blueberry, they surround you everywhere. Today in class we talked about atoms mr.Calvert said “an atom is just like a blueberry, and a grapefruit is earth”. I think that mr.Calvert said this to explain a fun way to talk about atoms he said that “Atoms are made of three things protons,neutrons and electrons”. Another fact is that an is the smallest element on the periodic table.


A few days ago we did something called Breakout. Breakout is a test or a game where you try to open a box with three locks it is challenging but are team won, on my team there was Noah, Natalia, Drew, Hugo, Cianna, Sophie, Jack, Ben and Sophie. Breakout is a hard puzzle but not impossible we first did the word code, the code was FIRST we then did the number code and then another word code. Breakout was fun and I am sad that it is over.

Main inquiry question #5

Have you ever wondered how vet surgeries are done? Or how vet surgeries have  changed and improved over the years? You may not know it, but there have been many good changes in vet surgery that have helped and saved animals lives. How has veterinary surgery changed and improved over the years, specifically, the changes in materials and procedures?  There are many advances in techniques, materials, technology and medicine in the field of vet surgery.  Today I will be talking about my main inquiry question:


The Experience of Vet Surgeons

Vet surgeons have to be experienced and of course they have to be good with their hands. They have to be fully ready for what’s coming. They also have to be calm because if you are doing a life threatening surgery then you have to be calm and careful because if you are shaky you might hurt yourself or the patient. Also they have to check what they have done multiple times to make sure it is right and perfect. They have to make sure that the animal that they are working on will not feel pain. They have to make sure that the animal does not lick the place where they had surgery. The most important thing is that vet surgeons do not leave something in the animal while they are doing the surgery. The goal of surgery is to make the animal feel better and in some cases to “fix the animal.”  According to Dr. Nance (the person I interviewed) vets do surgeries quickly, and are very strict in the vet hospital where they work. Also, vets are continuing to research animals and their diseases. According to my research the most deadly condition for animals is Ebola. This condition is mostly harming great apes but also humans. The condition on the apes is very harmful, they have not found this cure yet but scientists never stop studying and trying to find a new cure for any disease.



The materials are different now because they are more modern than the ones back in the day. The medicine is different because they cure the patient more quickly although the patients had much more pain back in the day because it hurt so much. Vet   surgeons also used to not have computers. According to A.K.C Canine Health Foundation “They are treating some dogs with laser surgery.” I think this is a very big improvement because back then vet surgeons gave the animal they were treating a very big scar because they made their holes gigantic instead of a tiny place where they did the surgery was. I think that laser surgery could be helpful because it would give the animal less pain. In my opinion this is really important because if the dog is feeling pain it could hurt the dog or send it in to shock. This could kill the dog immediately if it is not asleep.


Now let’s talk about the procedures, which used to harm the animals.  

This is true because animals are having to go through the harsh times of being ill and not well. This is very important because animals should not have to suffer pain and death, when for humans they can just take an advil. To stop this problem we have to expand the research, medicine and most importantly the procedures. Animals have to deal with an appendix. In a human this is really a simple surgery that is not hard or deadly. On the other hand animals and pets a very different. This surgery used to be very uncommon and even not available for many pets in the world. But now this procedure is more available for pets.



Also, anesthesia for animals going through surgery has improved. Vet surgeons used to inject dogs and cats with a drug. But now animals get treated with anesthesia in a more similar way that they treat humans with. When animals are anxious they give them tranquilizer and sedatives. This is important because animals are being treated better, more like how humans are treated and this is good because humans are cared about more and this means that animals and people get the same treatment and so now the both veterinarians and doctors have the same treatment or (procedures). I think this is more fair because in my opinion we all should have the same medicine animals are just like people just with four legs. Another procedure that has changed over time is the X-ray, so X-ray pictures used to be taken in dark rooms using chemicals. Now, the pictures are taken using computers. They changed it because they wanted more modern and sophisticated  technology. Also ultrasound images have become higher quality due to technology. Finally CAT scans and MRIs which take photos of inside the body are now used regularly in vet surgery.


In conclusion, the materials and procedures of vet surgery have become more sophisticated and more modern, which means that animals are being treated better and more like humans. Now animals feel less pain when they go through surgery. Don’t forget that dogs and cats are intelligent and have emotions and so should be treated with the best technology available.   


final project #6

For the final product of my project about vet surgery, I have to record and present to the school and to my parents.  The most important thing about the final product of Capstone is memorizing. I think that this is the hardest part of the project.  I think this because you have to memorize your whole project, and it is very hard to memorize everything about the project. For example, it was very hard to memorize my new words whenever my teacher and I changed the script. This was hard because I had to memorize it in a very short time period.  There was a solution to all this trouble with memorizing. You either say it over and over, but at school, all of us grabbed an index card and wrote down the key components of each slide. This helped so that we would remember just one word from each slide and we would then remember our script. Sometimes you would stumble even with the index cards.  The hardest thing however, was that we could not bring the index cards up on stage with us when we were saying our script. This was even harder than what I said before.

Some of the good things about the final project are seeing your friends perform and being able to get some really good feedback.  I like this because both my teacher and my classmates can give me tips to make my project better I also like presenting I like this because my are always believing in me whenever I do my capstone in front of the class.

In conclusion, I had a lot of fun doing this project and I thought that it was very inspiring to learn more about vet surgery.  I also thought it was fun to see all my classmates doing their project as well!